Have you heard of IFTTT? It’s available at http://ifttt.com. Pronounced “ift” (like “lift” without the l), IFTTT is a free Web tool that uses channels to easily automate Web tasks. You can get a basic overview at https://ifttt.com/wtf but the premise is really simple — you choose a trigger (like a new item on an RSS feed, someone tagging you on Facebook, someone following you on Twitter, etc.) and in response to that trigger you can choose an action (automatically following a new Twitter follower page, sending Facebook-tagged photos of you to Dropbox, storing your Tweets in an Evernote account, etc.)
At first glance it looks simple and somewhat limited, because there are only so many triggers and actions. But as I spent a lot of time playing with it (I’m using it to automate a bunch of stuff at work) I realized that it could help me solve one of those annoyances that’s been bugging me for a long time, and that is keeping up with The Flickr Commons.
The Flickr Commons is a group of about five dozen institutions and repositories from all over the world that have come together to make some of their collections’ visual content available online without copyright. Group members include the New York Public Library, NASA, the National Archives of Norway, and the National Library of Scotland. So you can imagine there’s tons of great material there.
Unfortunately I couldn’t find a way to look at the latest Commons photographs in toto. I could look at individual institutions and follow them through an RSS feed; I could search Commons content; I could not find a way to look at the latest Commons stuff. I did not want to have to monitor 60-odd feeds. I wanted all the latest Commons content in one place.
IFTTT to the rescue!
IFTTT and RSS Feeds
IFTTT lets you pull content from RSS feeds as one of its triggers, which is probably what I do the most with it, as there are countless RSS feeds out there. Each institution participating in Flickr Commons has an RSS feed of the latest photographs added to its content.
I grabbed an RSS feed from one of the Flickr Commons members and started messing with it. Since an image thumbnail shows up in the feed, I tried grabbing the image and sending it any number of places, like Picasa and Dropbox. I wanted to make the photographs available publicly and I wanted to have an easy way to go to the original image if I saw something I liked and wanted to look at more closely (remember, the RSS feed has only a small image and not the full-sized photograph.) Picasa didn’t allow me to append enough information and Dropbox didn’t allow me to delineate the images enough.
So finally I ended up using Flickr itself — specifically, my own photostream.
Setting Up IFTTT
The IFTTT trigger/response sets are called recipes. So my recipe trigger was new content in one of the Flickr Commons institutional feeds. (I had to set up about 60 recipes, which was the most tedious part of this whole business.) If you want to play along at home and have an IFTTT account, I shared my recipe at https://ifttt.com/recipes/52593.
The action was to take the content from the institution’s feed and put it in my own Flickr photostream. But that wouldn’t be enough because there’s only so much good I’d get from a random image – I’d also want to know where it came from and where I could go to see larger versions of the image. So in addition to just moving the image over, the recipe also puts the source of the image and a link back to the original image in the description. There’s also an option to create new tags for each image as well — remember that because I’m going to come back to it later.
The Harvest on My Photostream
So I set up umpty-zillion recipes based on RSS feeds from Flickr Commons institutions let them run, and within a day I started having images automatically post to my Flickr photostream at http://www.flickr.com/photos/taracal/.
The URL in the description is not clickable from the galley page, but it is clickable on the individual picture’s page.
So what do I have now? Now I have a constantly-growing group of photos from the Flickr commons as my very own photostream, but in addition I have an RSS feed of all the latest content posted to Flickr Commons (via my account’s RSS feed on Flickr.) And with IFTTT, I can take that feed and do something else with it. In this case, I set up IFTTT to send me an alert via the iOS notification Pushover whenever the RSS feed updated. This came in handy when a picture of Queen Elizabeth came through on my iPhone and I was able to immediately text it to my anglophile friend Dee.
I had no hesitation in setting up these RSS feeds of visual content to aggregate on my own photostream because the Flickr Commons is just that — a Commons — and violating copyright was not a concern. Besides, I made sure that each description sourced the original image and linked back to it, trying to ensure that nobody thinks I’m the creator/keeper of these images.
If the aggregation of thumbnails, with clear attribution and links back to original content, could be considered fair use, I would really like to go further with this. There are so many institutions using Flickr. If you do just a simple people search for State Library you’ll find all kinds of goodies.
With IFTTT you could take the RSS feeds of the institutions in which you’re most interested and start a flow of thumbnails to your own Flickr stream, but more than that, you could give all pictures from that group of institutions the same tag and start creating your very own repository.
For example, I could go through Flickr’s people search and find North Carolina organizations — the NC State Archives, the Museum of Natural Sciences, the North Carolina State Library for the Blind, etc. I could set each of these up with an IFTTT recipe to send new content to my photostream, and tag each item as it’s added with not only the photo’s description but also with a unique tag of my own — maybe NCGROUPRB (something that probably isn’t replicated elsewhere on Flickr.) Then I just let it run. What I’m doing here is creating my very own Flickr subset from lots of different sources, in this case photographs from North Carolina organizations and institutions. (You could do this with any other topic you can imagine that can be found in the people search — state fairs, national museums, or even cooking schools!) When searching this collection, I could use incredibly general search queries (school, food, etc.) along with my unique tag and have success in finding images relevant to my context because I had narrowed down the searched pool of images in advance via the IFTTT image aggregation.
This setup isn’t perfect — IFTTT limits how much you can extract from a given RSS feed — but I’m having a lot of fun with my newly aggregated feed of Commons content and looking at a lot more pictures. If you find this useful and end up doing your own Flickr mini-content-curation project, let me know in the comments!
Arizona State University announced last week the launch (no pun intended) of the new Project Gemini Online Digital Archive, an online archive of NASA’s Gemini spacecraft flights. (From the announcement: “Project Gemini (1964-1966) was the second United States human spaceflight program, after Project Mercury (1960-1963). The overarching goal was to test systems and operations critical to the Apollo program (1961-1975), conceived with the purpose of ‘landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth’.” The archive is available at http://tothemoon.ser.asu.edu/.
from the front page you’ll see that there’s already an archive for Project Mercury. The Gemini gallery is divided by each of the ten missions, from Gemini III to Gemini XII. I looked at the Gemini VII archive. The pictures here were presented in a slideshow, black and white pictures first. Most of the pictures were shots of Earth, some with captions (“India, Madras State, Ceylon, Adam’s Bridge, Palk Straits”) and some without. All of them had downloads available, from low resolution to the raw image (the one I downloaded was a 58MB .TIF)
If you look at the top nav bar for the image gallery, you’ll see a pulldown menu called Gemini. This menu will give you background on the missions, information about the images and how they were processed, and a short list of more resources about the Gemini missions. There’s also a link to a page of “movies” — highlights of the best pictures from each mission made into Quicktime movies. This is probably the best way to get all the image highlights.
Unless you know a lot more about astronomy than I do, start with the background and the movies before going in for an archive browse. A great collection but I needed more context to get started enjoying it.
The state of Delaware has announced a new online photo collection — over 2000 images of Delaware in the 1920s and 1930s, taken from the state’s Board of Agriculture glass negative collection. The collection is available here (giant messy URL alert.)
These pictures are wonderfully random. Stones marking the corners of Delaware? Check. Shipment of chickens going to Argentina? Check. All kinds of buildings? Check. Two guys holding a huge fish? Check. Electrical meter from 1936? Check. Tomato inspection shed? Check.
(Some of the items are also NOT for young audiences. There are also several murder scene pictures here and at least one image of a corpse. Please use caution when visiting this site and don’t let your kids/students run around in it without supervision.)
Hold your mouse over a picture for a tool tip with further description and a date. When you click on a picture to look at it more closely, it shows up full size, and you can shrink it or pan around to see the whole thing. This is unusual but useful as many of the pictures are landscape pictures, and this is an easy way to quickly see details. While looking at the detail page you can also rotate the images, print them, or download them in a few different sizes. (Note that the Delaware Public Archives does claim rights for these pictures and written permission is required to reuse them, which might be why they’re not in Flickr Commons.)
You can do a simple keyword search or an advanced search that lets you do field-level searching. A search for fair found 30 results, including lots of images and a couple of fantastic pictures of fair auto races from 1933.
A good presentation and it isn’t often you get such a large collection devoted solely to Delaware. Just use caution when browsing. Especially when it’s, like, 6am and you haven’t even had your coffee yet.
GazoPa Answers is at http://answers.gazopa.com/. As you might imagine it’s yet another answers site, but it’s based on answering questions about photos/images or which have to do with photos/images. I remember a site that basically helped you identify things by uploading images of them and asking for help, but the name of that site is slipping my mind at the moment. Anyway GazoPa Answers is for asking all kinds of questions about an image, not merely “What is it.”
There is a page for the various categories of questions, though the front page just gives you a bunch of questions and popular tags. Being so new there aren’t many questions, what I saw ran the gamut, including “Who is the best Thundercat?,” “What does this mean on map?” (along with a symbol), and “How can we make this?” along with an image of Saturn Peaches (also known as donut peaches.)
Questions have their own individual pages which show a larger version of the image, any answers (all the questions I looked at had either no answers or just one), and tags. The GazoPa technology was also used to show images similar to the one which was being asked about, which in the case of this map symbol was partially accurate and partially hilarious.
I can easily imagine using something like this, but there’s not much to evaluate at the moment. You can share the questions on Facebook, but in a pretty basic way — when I tried it it doesn’t even include the images. I didn’t see an easy way to share via Twitter. GazoPa images needs more ways to get the questions out there.
I don’t do a lot of image searching nowadays unless I’m looking for a logo or I’m trying to win a bet about sloth toes. (Really, really long story.) But I was intrigued when I read that Google had updated its image search and found the results pretty interesting. (I was also interested to note that Google gives an image index count of over 10 billion images. Do you think we’ll get a Web index size estimate any time soon? Nah, me neither.)
Google’s image search as usual exists at http://images.google.com/. The advanced search lives at http://images.google.com/advanced_image_search and I encourage you to try it if you haven’t look at it in a while; search options include image size, aspect ratio, color, and license types. You can even do some searches for specific image types (like faces, clip art, and line drawings.)
When I first started experimenting with the new search interface, I did a search and then restricted the results to one color. Then I ran a bunch of other searches. I started thinking, “Wow, these search results kind of suck,” and didn’t realize until I was ready to take screenshots that my search results were still restricted to one color. So make sure you’re resetting your search options every time you enter a new keyword.
Anyway, as you’ll see in the screen shot the results are more dense and the thumbnails of the images themselves are larger. Hold your mouse over a result to get a slightly larger version and some information about the dimensions and the original site. If you click on an image, you’ll be taken to a new page that has the image on top, with the site beneath it. There’s still a link to be taken directly to the original images. I had always disliked Google Images’ “image page” as clunky, but I hadn’t realized how awful it was until I used this far nicer one. I think the new one loads faster too. Well done Google.
You can now navigate all search results (up to 1000 per query) via scrolling down a page, instead of loading page after page of images. Just keep rolling down a page and you’ll get set after set of images — unless you scroll too fast. Then you’ll get gray boxes, then a set of images. I like this better than having to reload pages of images, but it can get kind of confusing.
If you’ve been using Google at all you’re probably aware of the sidebar in the search results where you can narrow down your search results. The same thing’s on Google Images. Here you can narrow down your search results by image dimension, type, etc. That’s great, and it’s better search options across the top as I’ve seen in the past. But where’s the option to narrow results by usage license, especially since it seems like just about all the other search options from the advanced page are there?
Google has done a lot of work to pack more into its images search results and to make the landing pages for images more useful. The fact that I have to take a couple of extra steps to find licensed images — unless I start my search filtering by license — looks extra annoying against all this effort. But it’s still worth a look.
Flickr has debuted a new photo page which is currently in rollout, but if you have a Flickr account, you can login and opt in to the new view right now. So what are you waiting for? Log in and look for the pink banner at the top of the page which reads, “We’re introducing a new photo page, and you can check it out early. Take me to the future!” Click on “Take me to the future!” and you’ll get the new page. (This isn’t permanent; you can opt-out of the new photo page version if you don’t like it.)
The biggest difference is that the photo is a lot, lot bigger. (This is one of my Fair pictures. Trust me to get arty with the fried butter shot.) To appreciate the photos better there’s also a new light box feature; hit f on your keyboard and suddenly you have a really really big picture on a dark background. (This probably looks more impressive when it’s not a giant fried butter image.)
Flickr has grouped a lot of functionality together. A small nav strip lets you move back and forth through the photostream as well as zoom into the light box view (once you’re there you have the option to view the photo in other sizes as well.) Another small menu nearby gives you a dropdown menu of many, many possible actions (from tagging the photo to ordering prints to even deleting the photo if it happens to be yours.) You can also share the photo via e-mail, or get HTML to show it, or theoretically share it across different blogs (I write “theoretically” because there’s a place for it, but the blog list Flickr gave me was empty.)
Way down toward the bottom of the screen, in light type, there’s a set of keyboard shortcuts you can use to navigate available photos:
← previous photo → next photo f view in light box scroll film strip right
I have not used Flickr as much as I have in the past — it’s easier to just put photos up on Facebook. But this new display and the way the actions are grouped means that Flickr is, once again, a really great place to showcase photos.
After I wrote the article yesterday with more resources and thoughts about information trapping, I got a couple notes from people who wanted to know how to make keyword-based Flickr RSS feeds. You have to build an URL, but it’s pretty easy. Flickr actually offers RSS for several types of searches — a full list is available at http://www.flickr.com/services/feeds/ — but I’ll give you an overview for keyword-based feeds and a couple other options.
To build a keyword-based feed, start with this URL:
Then, add ?tags=keyword to the end to find words in the tags for each picture. You can also use the comma to stack tags. For example, this URL would build an RSS feed of new Flickr photos tagged giraffe and zoo:
(That’s an actual RSS feed URL. Pop it in Google Reader, NewsGator, or whatever your preferred RSS reader is.)
Be careful about adding too many tags, though, as Flickr’s data pool is a lot smaller than, say, Google’s vast repository of Web pages.
Feeds for Flickr Groups
Maybe you don’t want to get as specific as a tag. Maybe you’d rather follow a group. You can search for Flickr Groups at http://www.flickr.com/groups/; once you find one you like (may I recommend CreativeCommons or Flickr Central?) you can get RSS feeds for them by starting with this URL:
and adding ?id=groupname to it, where groupname is, um, the name of the group. That’s where you might run into some trouble, as I couldn’t easily spot the actual group ID. I ended up using a site called http://idgettr.com/. Just enter the URL for the group and it’ll spit back an ID number. So the RSS feed for Creative Commons would be:
You’ll have to experiment some with your search terms when building RSS feeds for Flickr, but I recommend you try some of those general search terms that get you way too many results with a Web search. Flickr is huge but it’s still smaller than Google’s Web page index (I would guess) and my keyword-based Flickr feeds very, very rarely get irrelevant results. Try it!