morningbuzz

Early 20th Century Postcards, NC Student Newspapers, Facebook, More: Thursday ResearchBuzz, June 13, 2019

NEW RESOURCES

The Newberry: The Newberry Releases Digital Collection of 26,000 Early 20th-Century Postcards. “The Newberry has launched a digital archive of over 26,000 high-quality images of picture postcards produced by pioneering British company Raphael Tuck & Sons during the first half of the 20th century. Drawing on a vast archive of postcards received by the Newberry in 2016 and developed with the support of Leonard A. Lauder, the new digital collection provides users with a comprehensive body of material for investigating the ways in which British citizens formed and disseminated their perceptions of the world 100 years ago.”

DigitalNC: New student newspaper issues from Granville County Public Library now online at DigitalNC!. “Issues from 8 NC student newspapers are now online at DigitalNC! The issues come from several schools in Granville County and cover news topics like sports, facility renovations, and school events, as well as creative works by students and advertisements for local businesses.”

TWEAKS AND UPDATES

CNBC: Facebook has a new tool that helps you donate blood, here’s how to use it. “Facebook on Wednesday began rolling out a tool that helps inform Americans that nearby blood banks need donations. If you sign up for it, you’ll be alerted when one of Facebook’s blood bank partners in your area needs a specific kind of blood donor.”

USEFUL STUFF

Lifehacker: How to Digitize Vinyl Records Without a Record Player. “Digitizing vinyl is a lot harder than ripping a CD. An external CD drive costs $26 on Amazon; a record player with a digital output costs $250 or more. Plus you have to use special software, specify the beginning and end of each track, write out all the metadata, and make sure the record plays smoothly. Or you can get someone else to do it for you. Here’s how.” And if you DO have a turntable and you want to rip a LOT of records, let me reup DJ Kippax’s crazy deep dive on album ripping.

AROUND THE SEARCH AND SOCIAL MEDIA WORLD

TechCrunch: Yubo is a social network about socializing. “Meet Yubo, a French startup that wants to make social networks a bit more… social. Yubo is an app designed for teenagers, and it’s all about meeting people, making new friends and belonging to a community.”

The New York Times Magazine: The Day the Music Burned. “It was the biggest disaster in the history of the music business — and almost nobody knew. This is the story of the 2008 Universal fire.”

Vice: Preservationists Are Racing to Save Ouya’s Games Before They Disappear. “Android-based gaming console Ouya launched on Kickstarter with a bang in 2012, crowdfunding more than $8 million and raising much more in venture capital before the software was acquired by hardware manufacturer Razer in 2015. Despite the promising start, Ouya wasn’t long for this world. Now, Ouya is shutting down for good and a group of game preservationists and Ouya fans are racing to preserve the console’s games before they’re potentially lost forever.

SECURITY & LEGAL

Courthouse News Service: San Francisco DA Turns to AI to Tame Racial Bias. “A new tool developed at no cost to the city by the Stanford Computational Policy Lab scans the police incident reports prosecutors use to decide whether to charge someone with a crime. The program uses an algorithm to remove any information that could be used to determine the suspect’s race – hair and eye color, specific neighborhoods and the names of suspects, victims and the arresting officer – replacing those identifiers with generic terms.”

South China Morning Post: Chinese programmer shuts down AI project to detect women in porn videos after backlash. “A Chinese programmer has apologised and shut down an artificial intelligence project that used facial recognition technology to detect whether women had appeared in porn videos, after it set off a storm of criticism.”

RESEARCH & OPINION

The Verge: AI is worse at identifying household items from lower-income countries. “Object recognition algorithms sold by tech companies, including Google, Microsoft, and Amazon, perform worse when asked to identify items from lower-income countries. These are the findings of a new study conducted by Facebook’s AI lab, which shows that AI bias can not only reproduce inequalities within countries, but also between them.”

CNET: New tool debunks deepfakes of Trump and other world leaders. “Deepfakes of world leaders may be easier to debunk using a new detection method, according to an academic paper Wednesday. Researchers created profiles of the unique expressions and head movements made by powerful people — like Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama and US presidential hopeful Elizabeth Warren — when they talk. That ‘soft biometric model’ helped detect a range of deepfakes, the kind of manipulated videos powered by artificial intelligence that have sprung up lately featuring Mark Zuckerberg and others.”

Ars Technica: Scientists found these old photographs contain metallic nanoparticles. “Daguerreotypes are one of the earliest forms of photography, producing images on silver plates that look subtly different, depending on viewing angle. For instance they can appear positive or negative, or the colors can shift from bluish to brownish-red tones. Now an interdisciplinary team of scientists has discovered that these unusual optical effects are due to the presence of metallic nanoparticles in the plates. They described their findings in a new paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.” Good morning, Internet…

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