Revolutionary War Maps, Yes Equality Photography, Coral Restoration, More: Thursday ResearchBuzz, February 13, 2020


The Washington Post: This map helped George Washington win the Revolutionary War. Now it’s on display at Mount Vernon.. “In the summer of 1781, Gen. George Washington and his French engineers probed the British defenses of New York, looking for a way to attack. While the British responded with heavy gunfire, Washington observed, and the engineers prepared a map of the enemy positions… Now the historic French map, along with more than 1,000 other rare maps and images, have been donated to the Fred W. Smith National Library for the Study of George Washington at Mount Vernon by a noted New York collector….It will eventually be available to scholars, in person, and later some of the items will go on public display, library officials said. Most of the pieces have already been digitized and are online.”

The Irish Times: Yes Equality campaign photographs donated to National Library . “More than 6,000 photographs of the Yes Equality campaign have been added to the National Library of Ireland’s digital archive, almost five years after the referendum that cleared the way for same-sex marriages to take place.”

James Cook University: New global database to guide coral restoration. “Coral restoration projects typically focus on reintroducing coral to areas where coral reefs are degraded or lost. Common strategies include attaching small fragments of coral, reintroducing baby coral, or stabilising the material coral grows on. Dr Boström-Einarsson was part of an international team of scientists that looked at 362 case studies on active coral restoration spanning four decades in 56 countries. The researchers developed a database to document case studies of coral restoration from around the world.”


The Verge: Alphabet has moved technology incubator Jigsaw under Google management. “Google parent company Alphabet has moved its Jigsaw technology incubator under Google management, The Information reports. It’s the first former Alphabet company to be shifted under Google since Sergey Brin and Larry Page stepped down from their management roles in December. Since the two were behind the creation of Alphabet in 2015, The Information suggests it may be a sign that Alphabet has outlived its usefulness as a holding company.”

MyNorthwest: National Archives tries ‘re-set’ with tribes about Seattle closure. “Officials from the Washington, D.C, offices of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) are in Seattle this week, quietly meeting with staff of the threatened Seattle facility and with representatives of Puget Sound area Native American tribes. The meetings have not been publicized, but multiple sources alerted KIRO Radio that they were taking place.”


Search Engine Journal: A Beginner’s Guide to Reddit: How to Get Started & Be Successful. “In this Reddit guide, you will learn what Reddit is, why it is such an important social platform, and what makes it different than all the other social platforms. You will also learn what you need to consider in order to successfully get started on Reddit.”

Governing: University Offers Free Class on Artificial Intelligence Ethics. “The course — developed by [Nathan] Colaner, law professor Mark Chinen and adjunct business and law professor Tracy Ann Kosa — explores the meaning of ethics in AI by looking at guiding principles proposed by some nonprofits and technology companies. A case study on facial recognition in the course encourages students to evaluate different uses of facial-recognition technology, such as surveillance or identification, and to determine how the technology should be regulated.” The course is being offered by Seattle University.


Wired: The Digital Colonialism Behind .tv and .ly. “As companies increasingly turn to quirky extensions in place of .com, these questions about ownership and national resources are all the more pressing. The nation of Tuvalu (pop: 10,000), for example, has seen a rapid rise in the popularity of its .tv domain—it’s now up to 512,000 registrations—after the Amazon-owned streaming service Twitch started using it in its own URL: Tuvalu’s situation is more nuanced than Niue’s. The nation only discovered that it had a top-level domain when, in 1995, it received a fax from an American offering to help market it. When Tuvaluans investigated, they discovered that the .tv domain had already been assigned to an American computer programmer.”

Urban Milwaukee: Journal and Sentinel Archives Threatened. “The Encyclopedia of Milwaukee is a a Digital Humanities Project sponsored by the History Department in the College of Letters and Science at UW-Milwaukee…. Many of the footnotes in the site naturally led to stories in the city’s historic daily newspapers, particularly The Milwaukee Journal (founded in 1882) and Milwaukee Sentinel (founded in 1837) which merged in 1995. It appears that the encyclopedia, like many other sites, has been partially crippled by the frequent disappearance of The Milwaukee Journal and Milwaukee Sentinel archives.”


TechCrunch: Senators attempt to force Twitter to ban Iranian leadership. “Four Senators, including Ted Cruz (R-TX), have asserted that, as a consequence of sanctions placed on Iran, Twitter must cease providing its services to Ayatollah Khamenei and other leaders in the country. ‘The Ayatollah enjoys zero protection from the United States Bill of Rights,’ he wrote in a letter to the company.”

Business Insider: Clearview AI, the controversial company building a searchable database of peoples’ faces, is reportedly planning a ‘rapid international expansion’ that includes countries with documented human rights abuses . “Clearview AI mostly operated in the shadows until its existence was first reported by The New York Times last month. The company has scraped billions of images from Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, and other platforms in order to build a tool for police to identify people based on a single image of their face, raising concerns about privacy.”

New York Times: Personal Data of All 6.5 Million Israeli Voters Is Exposed. “A software flaw exposed the personal data of every eligible voter in Israel — including full names, addresses and identity card numbers for 6.5 million people — raising concerns about identity theft and electoral manipulation, three weeks before the country’s national election.” Good morning, Internet…

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