Mapping School Segregation, Grammarly SDK, Understanding Transformers, More: Tuesday Evening ResearchBuzz, September 14, 2021


University of Kansas: Researcher Develops Website Featuring Maps Of School Segregation Across Us To Help Spur Research . “The 2020 U.S. Census Bureau data shows that the United States population has grown more diverse and is increasingly urbanizing. Yet K-12 schools remain largely segregated. A new website developed by a University of Kansas researcher uses census and demographic data to build maps for all 50 states and the District of Columbia to explore where schools are most and least segregated to help inform discussions of how populations have shifted.”


TechCrunch: Grammarly SDK beta lets developers embed automated text editing in any web app. “Grammarly, the popular auto editing tool, announced the release of Grammarly for Developers today. The company is starting this effort with the Text Editor SDK (software development kit), which enables programmers to embed Grammarly text editing functionality into any web application.”


Dale Markowitz: Transformers, Explained: Understand the Model Behind GPT-3, BERT, and T5. “Transformers are models that can be designed to translate text, write poems and op eds, and even generate computer code. In fact, lots of the amazing research I write about on is built on Transformers, like AlphaFold 2, the model that predicts the structures of proteins from their genetic sequences, as well as powerful natural language processing (NLP) models like GPT-3, BERT, T5, Switch, Meena, and others. You might say they’re more than meets the… ugh, forget it. If you want to stay hip in machine learning and especially NLP, you have to know at least a bit about Transformers. So in this post, we’ll talk about what they are, how they work, and why they’ve been so impactful.”

The Verge: How to use iOS 15’s Focus modes to quickly customize your iPhone’s homescreen. “Customizing your iPhone’s homescreen took off last year when iOS 14 introduced widgets and the ability to hide default app icons in favor of your own cool, customized ones. But iOS 15 opens up a new dimension to homescreen customization, thanks to Focus modes — which give a quick and easy way to hide and reveal groups of homescreens with just a single tap.”

How-To Geek: How to Create and Customize a Waterfall Chart in Microsoft Excel. “If you want to create a visual that shows how positives and negatives affect totals, you can use a waterfall chart, also called a bridge or cascade chart. You can easily create and customize a waterfall chart in Microsoft Excel.”


CNET: Facebook’s own research shows Instagram is harmful to teens, report says. “In studies conducted over the past three years, Facebook researchers have found that Instagram is ‘harmful for a sizable percentage’ of young users, particularly teenage girls, reported The Wall Street Journal on Tuesday. Research presented in 2019 reportedly found that Instagram makes body image issue worse for one in three teen girls. In focus group and online surveys done by the company, teens also apparently said Instagram increased rates of anxiety and depression, reported the Journal.”

Florida State University: FSU English professor earns prestigious NEH grant to digitize novelist Gloria Naylor’s work and develop literary archival model. “A faculty member in Florida State University’s Department of English has received a collaborative research grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to digitize the work of award-winning American novelist Gloria Naylor and develop a model for engaging Black women’s literary archives.”


Flickr Blog: A Look at Nearly Two Decades of Creative Commons Licenses on Flickr. “The Creative Commons licenses were added to Flickr in 2004, two years after the nonprofit Creative Commons released its first set of copyright licenses. As of September 2021, nearly two decades after their introduction, Flickr has the honor of being home to more than 500 million Creative Commons licensed works, making Flickr one of the largest repositories of openly licensed works online. Today, as part of the year-long celebration of the 20th anniversary of the Creative Commons, we’ve compiled some data related to how Flickr members use Creative Commons licenses.”

NBC News: Hackers are leaking children’s data — and there’s little parents can do. “Some schools contacted about the leaks appeared unaware of the problem. And even after schools are able to resume operations following an attack, parents have little recourse when their children’s information is leaked. Some of the data is personal, like medical conditions or family financial statuses. Other pieces of data, such as Social Security numbers or birthdays, are permanent indicators of who they are, and their theft can set up a child for a lifetime of potential identity theft.”


The Conversation: From bespoke seats to titanium arms, 3D printing is helping paralympians gain an edge. “Major sporting events like the Paralympics are a breeding ground for technological innovation. Athletes, coaches, designers, engineers and sports scientists are constantly looking for the next improvement that will give them the edge. Over the past decade, 3D printing has become a tool to drive improvements in sports like running and cycling, and is increasingly used by paralympic athletes.” Good evening, Internet…

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