Javanese Manuscripts, 1947 Partition, Elections Misinformation, More: Tuesday ResearchBuzz, August 16, 2022


British Library Blog: 40 more Javanese manuscripts now accessible online . “In May 2022 the Bollinger Javanese Manuscripts Digitisation Project was launched, aiming to digitise a further 120 Javanese manuscripts from the British Library collection. We are delighted to announce that 40 more Javanese manuscripts have now been published online, and can be accessed directly through the live hyperlinks on the Digital Access to Javanese Manuscripts page or via the Digitised Manuscripts portal.”

Youth Journalism International: Preserving memories of the 1947 partition that divided India and Pakistan into separate nations. “Memories of the August 14, 1947 partition of India and Pakistan ‘nearly disappeared into the abyss of time,’ said the founder of an online archive dedicated to preserving oral histories of the time so that ‘history will not be forgotten.'”


New York Times: On TikTok, Election Misinformation Thrives Ahead of Midterms. “In Germany, TikTok accounts impersonated prominent political figures during the country’s last national election. In Colombia, misleading TikTok posts falsely attributed a quotation from one candidate to a cartoon villain and allowed a woman to masquerade as another candidate’s daughter. In the Philippines, TikTok videos amplified sugarcoated myths about the country’s former dictator and helped his son prevail in the country’s presidential race. Now, similar problems have arrived in the United States.”

University of Hawaii News: $148K project to digitize thousands of rare, native plant specimens . “The three-year, $148,882 grant will help School of Life Sciences Assistant Professor Karolina Heyduk and her team to digitize and catalog more than 55,000 plant specimens, many of which are extinct, to preserve and improve access worldwide to one of the oldest collections of Pacific plants.”

BuzzFeed News: Medical Experts Are Becoming Influencers Amid All The Anxiety Over Monkeypox. “COVID introduced us to the virus influencer: doctors and science writers on Twitter and Instagram who built huge social profiles — many of which translated into media appearances — by sharing news, information, and takes on an unknown virus during a history-defining pandemic. And now, with monkeypox having been declared a public health emergency, we’re seeing a similar shift, and many sensationalist medical experts have dominated the conversation as people search for answers.”


AFP: China’s Taiwan drills accompanied by wave of misinformation. “China raged against a visit to Taipei by United States House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, sending warships, missiles and jets into the waters and skies around its self-ruled neighbour. At the same time pro-China posts flooded social media with false and misleading claims about Pelosi and her Taiwanese hosts. Many were posts sharing old military footage alongside claims they showed real military drills, mainly by China.”

WIRED: A New Jailbreak for John Deere Tractors Rides the Right-to-Repair Wave. “At the DefCon security conference in Las Vegas on Saturday, the hacker known as Sick Codes is presenting a new jailbreak for John Deere & Co. tractors that allows him to take control of multiple models through their touchscreens.”

BBC: Chinese internet giants hand algorithm data to government. “Chinese internet giants including Alibaba, Tiktok-owner ByteDance and Tencent have shared details of their algorithms with China’s regulators for the first time.” WOW.


Penn State: Deepfakes expose vulnerabilities in certain facial recognition technology. “Mobile devices use facial recognition technology to help users quickly and securely unlock their phones, make a financial transaction or access medical records. But facial recognition technologies that employ a specific user-detection method are highly vulnerable to deepfake-based attacks that could lead to significant security concerns for users and applications, according to new research involving the Penn State College of Information Sciences and Technology.”

University of Florida News: What job applicants need to know about AI in hiring. “Artificially intelligent programs now routinely screen job applications, often before a human hiring manager ever sees a single resume. Companies are also increasingly turning to AI job interviews, a kind of recorded interview that can screen for job knowledge and even analyze body language. At the end of the day, the same skills that work for the traditional hiring process can be applied to this brave new world. Here are some simple tips on how to sail through the AI systems so you can land your dream job.”

Bellingcat: These are the Tools Open Source Researchers Say They Need. “Researchers told us that the tools they are most likely to use need to be free, clearly describing what they are capable of doing and how they can be used. Given that only a quarter of our respondents knew how to use the command line, tools which do not require more advanced technical skills are particularly welcome. Nearly 200 of our respondents provided concrete suggestions for tools which could help them in their work, which we have provided in a publicly-accessible spreadsheet.”


Phys .org: Listen to the call: Scientists recreate the song of a 150-year-old insect that could help rediscover its species. “A museum specimen has been heard for the first time in 150 years after scientists digitally recreated its song. The body shape and song of Prophalangopsis obscura could help give researchers clues about where the insect might still be living after being lost for over a century.” Good morning, Internet…

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