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Honouring the Ancient Dead, Plant Extracts, AI Ethics and Governance Standards, More: Thursday ResearchBuzz, January 19, 2023

NEW RESOURCES

Museums Association: Honouring the Ancient Dead completes database of ancient human remains. “Honouring the Ancient Dead (HAD) has completed the first major edition of its Your Local Museum database, which brings together records of ancient human remains held in more than 300 museums. Each entry records how many ancestral remains the museum has in its collection, whether any are on display and what policies the museum may have for their care.” This resource focuses on Great Britain.

EurekAlert: A plethora of plant molecules provides a ple”flora” of data. “Researchers at the University of Geneva have established a searchable library of spectra and molecules found in a collection of 1,600 plant extracts. This collection was accessed through a collaboration with Pierre Fabre Laboratories. The resulting open resource, published in the journal GigaScience, shares both the obtained data and the employed methods. This will be useful for research ranging from drug discovery to the large-scale exploration of plants’ chemical diversity.”

Business Wire: IEEE Introduces New Program for Free Access to AI Ethics and Governance Standards. “IEEE, the world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for humanity, and the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE SA) announce the availability of a program that provides free access to global socio-technical standards in AI Ethics and Governance that provide guidance and considerations towards trustworthy AI. Under the IEEE GET Program, selected standards are made available, free of charge, to encourage adoption and use of standards that contribute to advancing technology for humanity in key areas.”

TWEAKS AND UPDATES

Reuters: Over 500 advertisers have paused spending on Twitter- The Information. “More than 500 of Twitter’s advertisers have paused spending on the micro blogging site since Elon Musk’s takeover last year, The Information reported on Wednesday, citing a person familiar with its ad business. The social media company’s daily revenue on Jan. 17 was 40% lower than the same day a year ago, the report added.”

TechCrunch: Medium embraces Twitter alternative Mastodon with launch of its own community. “Online publishing platform Medium, originally created by Twitter co-founder Evan Williams, announced today that it’s embracing the open source Mastodon platform by creating its own instance to support its authors and their publications.”

AROUND THE INTERNET WORLD

The Verge: Extremely Hardcore. “Twitter’s staff spent years trying to protect the social media site against impulsive billionaires who wanted to use the reach of its platform for their own ends, and then one made himself the CEO.”

The Hindu: NCBS archives receive $440,000 grant to collect, preserve history of science in contemporary India . “The Archives plans to collect, preserve and digitize artefacts, including manuscripts, photographs, oral testimonies and histories of individuals and groups who have played a vital role in the development and dissemination of knowledge and practices in ecology and conservation.” NCBS is the National Centre for Biological Sciences.

SECURITY & LEGAL

University of Minnesota: Ransomware attacks on America’s health care systems more than doubled from 2016 to 2021, exposing the personal health information of millions. “The annual number of ransomware attacks on health care provider organizations more than doubled from 2016 to 2021, exposing the personal health information of nearly 42 million individuals.”

Wall Street Journal: Google Didn’t Show Bias in Filtering Campaign-Ad Pitches, FEC Says. “The Federal Election Commission has dismissed a complaint from Republicans that Google’s Gmail app aided Democratic candidates by sending GOP fundraising emails to spam at a far higher rate than Democratic solicitations.”

Bloomberg: Google Keyword-Search Warrants Questioned by Colorado Lawyers. “After five people were killed in a 2020 arson in Colorado, law enforcement officials failed to turn up any leads through their initial investigative techniques. So they served a warrant to Google for anyone who had searched for the address of the fire, according to a court motion.”

RESEARCH & OPINION

University of Southern California: USC study reveals the key reason why fake news spreads on social media. “USC researchers may have found the biggest influencer in the spread of fake news: social platforms’ structure of rewarding users for habitually sharing information. The team’s findings, published Monday by Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, upend popular misconceptions that misinformation spreads because users lack the critical thinking skills necessary for discerning truth from falsehood or because their strong political beliefs skew their judgment.”

Maui Now: Indigenous knowledge and cutting-edge data aim to help revitalize Hawaiian fishponds. “Three local organizations: Purple Maiʻa Foundation, Kuaʻāina Ulu ʻAuamo, and Hohonu, Inc., are launching the Loko Iʻa and Coastal Monitoring Project that will help up to 30 Hawaiian Fishpond restoration groups across the state. The project engages local communities in the design process, and will work with them to gather insights on the biggest barriers to fishpond restoration for food production.” Good morning, Internet…

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