Open Access Newspapers, Yongle Encyclopedia, Google, More: Tuesday ResearchBuzz, May 16, 2023


CRL Global Resources Network: CRL and East View Release Two New In-Copyright Open Access Collections. “The complete archives of El Mundo (San Juan, Puerto Rico, est. 1919) and Daily Observer (Monrovia, Liberia, est. 1981) will be presented online in Open Access through cooperation with the publications’ rightsholders. Both archives are currently in production and will be made available this summer. As Open Access resources, they will bring scholarly benefit to anyone on the internet, free of charge.”

Library of Congress: Library of Congress Completes Digitization of Yongle Encyclopedia, Largest Reference Work of Pre-Modern Era. “The Library of Congress has completed a yearslong effort to digitize the Yongle Encyclopedia (Yongle dadian 永樂大典), the largest reference work created in pre-modern China, and possibly the world. Digital publication of the 41 volumes held in the Library’s collections provides open access to one of the most extensive attempts in world history to capture the entirety of human knowledge in book form.”


The Verge: Google will soon display prewritten texts people in crisis can use to ask for help. “Google will soon start displaying prewritten text messages that appear when users search for suicide-related terms. These prompts are supposed to help people start a difficult conversation during a mental health crisis and were created in partnership with the International Association for Suicide Prevention.”

Engadget: Most states halt use of Google and Apple’s COVID-19 exposure notification system. “States have turned off COVID-19 exposure notifications on iPhones across the US now that the public emergency has expired. At least some states also appear to be shutting down notifications for Android users. You won’t get alerts if you approach someone who tested positive and reported their results. No personal data traded hands, as the system relied on anonymized Bluetooth exchanges rather than GPS.”


How-To Geek: How to See Exactly Where a Photo Was Taken (and Keep Your Location Private). “Modern smartphones (and many digital cameras) embed GPS coordinates in each photo they take. Yes, those photos you’re taking have location data embedded in them—at least by default. You may want to hide this information when sharing sensitive photos online.”


Haaretz: Only 14% of Israeli State Archives Files Are Online, Even Though Most Have Been Scanned. “The Israel State Archives is short 685 employees to complete the opening of its documents to the public, State Archivist Ruti Abramovitz said Monday. The vast majority of documents in the State Archives, some 86 percent, are inaccessible to the public online despite most of them having been scanned.”

Ars Technica: Musk defends enabling Turkish censorship on Twitter, calling it his “choice”. “This weekend, Twitter restricted access to some tweets in Turkey at the request of the Turkish government ahead of its next presidential election. Twitter’s compliance silenced accounts that had been critical of the Turkish government, Business Insider reported. It also prompted a wave of criticism directed at Twitter CEO Elon Musk, who seemingly once again abandoned his free speech principles to comply with the Turkish government order.”


The Guardian: Australian government threatens tougher regulation as eSafety commissioner decries Twitter’s ‘sewer rats’. “The Australian government would consider a tougher crackdown on Twitter if the company fails to comply with online safety laws and takedown notices, the communications minister has said.”

Quartz: Police in China have arrested a man for using ChatGPT to create and spread fake news. “Police in China have arrested a man accused of using ChatGPT, an artificial intelligence-driven text generator, to write a story about a fake train crash, which he then published online. The authorities claimed this is the first arrest related to the use of ChatGPT in China, where the technology is illegal.”


CNN: Human DNA can now be pulled from thin air or a footprint on the beach. Here’s what that could mean. “Footprints left on a beach. Air breathed in a busy room. Ocean water. Scientists have been able to collect and analyze detailed genetic data from human DNA from all these places, raising thorny ethical questions about consent, privacy and security when it comes to our biological information.”

Cornell Chronicle: Tetris reveals how people respond to an unfair AI. “An experiment in which two people play a modified version of Tetris – the 40-year-old block-stacking video game – revealed that players who get fewer turns perceive the other player as less likable, regardless of whether a person or an algorithm allocates the turns.”

Stanford University: New model seeks to explain how humans interact socially with robots. “When people encounter social robots, they tend to treat them as both machine and character. A Stanford psychologist and his collaborator explain why in a much-discussed paper.” Good morning, Internet…

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